Civil construction involves building, industrial and infrastructure construction. Building construction encompasses residential and non-residential building construction. Infrastructure development covers public works, highways, dams, bridges, water/wastewater and utility distribution. Industrial, on the other hand, covers the construction of refineries, power generation, manufacturing, milling and processing chemical plants. Despite these various aspects of civil construction, civil construction companies offer several typical services as discussed below:
- Project Design
A civil construction company avails a design team that is involved in coming up with the designs for a given project which are then translated into reality. A design team may be comprised of architects, planning and architectural consultants, civil, mechanical, electrical, structural and fire protection engineers, depending on the project. This team is responsible for planning the physical proceedings and integrating them with other parts of the project. Once the design is ready, it is availed to a construction or construction management company for implementation. A civil construction company that offers construction services starting from the design to implementation phase of a project is said to be a “one-stop shop”.
- Financial Advice
To prevent financial problems arising from underbidding for a project, civil construction companies offer financial advice. Financial planning services ensure that adequate funds are available throughout the life of a project. This offers a solid plan with adequate contingency plans and safeguards from start to completion of the given project. For these financial services, civil construction companies call on the services of accountants, mortgage bankers and cost engineers. Accountants study the expected monetary flow and monitor payouts during the course of a project while cost engineers use their expertise for proper valuation by relating the work and materials involved in the project. Mortgage bankers, on the other hand, come on board because the owner’s equity in the property is normally the source of funding for a building project.
The most common procurement processes for civil construction firms are design-bid-build (traditional), design-build and management contracting. Procurement merges all the activities undertaken for the completion of a given project.
In traditional procurement, the architect or engineer is the project coordinator and oversees the entire project from the design, project specifications, drawings, tendering and project management. Design-build procurement involves the client contracting one entity to oversee the whole project which can include finding the site and even arranging for funding of the project. Lastly, management procurement involves the client taking a contractual role by entering into separate contracts with the designer (architect or engineer), construction manager, and individual trade contractors.
- Project Management
Civil construction companies oversee projects from design to project completion. They are responsible for the day-to-day running of the project and ensure that the project is implemented according to the desires of the client. The buck of the project stops with hem and any major decisions are made through them.
Under project management, civil construction companies develop civil and environmental project goals and procedures. They also manage in-house staff, contractors and consultants. Development of contract documents, budgets and schedules also fall under this docket.
All in all, depending on the project, civil construction companies provide a range of services that contribute to the feasibility and successful implementation of any given form of civil construction works. If one part of the project fails, the project is bound not to succeed. Civil construction companies are, therefore, very important in the implementation of different construction works.
Written by Hubert Builders, a full service commercial construction company in Columbia, MO.